About Lesvos

...an island that has it all...

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History, Culture, Gastronomy

 

Lesvos is the third largest island in Greece. It is located in the North-East Aegean with an unparalleled combination of history, climate and natural beauty. Along with the islands of Limnos and Ag. Efstratios, they constitute the Prefecture of Lesvos. The area of 1,636 square kilometers and the coastline of 381 kilometers is unique, thanks to its geological formation: The eastern part of the island consists of olive groves, forests and pebbly beaches, while the western part has volcanic geomorphology and therefore vineyards and endless sandy beaches.

 

The island has a Mediterranean climate. However, it has large variations in climatic conditions due to the regional impact of mountains and atmospheric circulation. All this creates an island with a wide variety of geographical characteristics and natural beauties: many traditional villages, from mountainous ones surrounded by forests to fishermen villages; preserved natural areas, from the world-famous, unique Petrified Forest in Sigri, to the bays of Kalloni and Gera, with unique ecosystems and salt marshes; from eco-farms to therapeutic hot springs.

 

Lesvos has been a crossroad since antiquity. Its history dates back to the 11th century BC and on the island one encounters historical remains of various cultures and periods: Ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Genoese, Ottoman.

 

The rich flora and fauna of the island offers a wide range of local food products and beverages. This has made Lesvos one of the centres of trade in the Mediterranean since antiquity. The wine and olive oil of the island were products of high value of ancient times. The famous wine of Lesvos in antiquity, which had disappeared for many centuries, began to be re-cultivated recently. The island is also famous for other premium quality products, from the world famous ouzo and other spirits, to the excellent local production of meat, dairy products, fish and seafood, herbs etc.

 

On the other hand, the influences of many civilizations and cultures, whether they passed by stayed on the island, created the rich local gastronomy. Today, the island of Lesvos has one of the richest local gastronomies in all of Greece, due to the combination of its top local products and centuries of cultural exchanges.